Scanner Agents

Installing a scanner agent on Linux (RedHat Distribution)

This document is for:
Invicti Enterprise On-Demand, Invicti Enterprise On-Premises

If you want to scan a website in a demilitarized zone (DMZ), internal networks that are not publicly accessible, you can install Invicti scan agents in your network. The agent will conduct the actual scan job and then report the results back to Invicti Enterprise.

In addition to the scanning agent, you can install an authentication verifier agent in your network that will verify the form authentication on your website. For further information, see Installing Authentication Verifier Agents.

You can install the agent on a Linux operating system. If you choose this installation, you must install some dependencies on the system, such as .NET, Mono. Mono is a software platform designed to allow developers to easily create cross-platform applications that become part of the .NET Foundation.

This topic explains how to install a Invicti Enterprise scan agent on Linux (RedHat distribution) operating systems. To install the agent in Debian distributions, please see Installing a Scan Agent on Linux (Debian Distribution).

The instructions below were tested on CentOS 7, CentOS 8, Fedora 32, and Fedora 33.

There are three stages to this process:

  1. Download the Invicti Enterprise agent file
  2. Install the Invicti agent
  3. Configure the Invicti agent as a Linux service


Hardware Requirements

  • 1.4 GHz Processor (2.0 GHz or faster recommended)
  • 4 GB RAM or higher recommended
  • 10 GB Free Disk space for each internal agent

Network Requirements

  • Agent should be configured so that it can reach your internal website through HTTP/HTTPS.
  • Agent needs to be able to access the Invicti Enterprise Application Server’s HTTP(S) (443) port.

Allowlisting Requirements

  • Allowlist the following addresses according to your region:
    • US region:,,, 
    • EU region:,,,
    • CA region:,,,,

Required Access

  • User(s) must have root privileges to run the required commands. No root privileges? Install docker agent.

Downloading the Agent

You need to download the installation files of the scan agent to a machine on your internal network.

How to Download a Scan Agent in Invicti Enterprise
  1. Log in to Invicti Enterprise.
  2. From the main menu, go to Agents > Manage Agents > Configure New Agent.
  3. From the Agent section, select Linux to download the required files to install the scan agent.

Installing the Agent

Once you download the required file, you can install an InvictiEnterprise scanning agent in your environment.

Please disable SELinux before starting the installation. For further information about disabling SELinux, see Changing SELinux states and modes.

How to Install an Invicti Enterprise Agent
  1. Open a terminal window.
  2. Install the dependent packages (Ignore this step for Fedora distribution):
sudo yum install -y epel-release
  1. Update operating system application repositories:
sudo yum update -y
  1. Install the dependent packages:
sudo yum install p7zip p7zip-plugins
sudo yum install -y nano tar gssntlmssp mono-complete libgdiplus
  1. Next, install .NET Core 3.1 SDK for Linux OS: (This 5th step is only required for internal agents older than version

If you’ve already installed the SDK or runtime, use the dotnet –list-sdks and dotnet –list-runtimes commands to see which versions are installed.

CentOS 8, Fedora 32, Fedora 33:

sudo yum install -y dotnet-sdk-3.1

CentOS 7:

sudo rpm -Uvh
sudo yum install -y dotnet-sdk-3.1
  1. Create folder for Invicti Scanner dependency (be sure to have permission for current user):
sudo mkdir -p /home/[YOUR_USER]/.local/share/Netsparker_Ltd
sudo chown -R [YOUR_USER] /home/[YOUR_USER]/.local/share/Netsparker_Ltd

[YOUR_USER] in the 6th step must be the same as [YOUR_USER] in the unit file described later in this article.

  1. Install the Headless Chrome browser dependencies:
sudo yum install -y pango.x86_64 libXcomposite.x86_64 libXcursor.x86_64 libXdamage.x86_64 libXext.x86_64 libXi.x86_64 libXtst.x86_64 cups-libs.x86_64 libXScrnSaver.x86_64 libXrandr.x86_64 GConf2.x86_64 alsa-lib.x86_64 atk.x86_64 gtk3.x86_64 xorg-x11-fonts-100dpi xorg-x11-fonts-75dpi xorg-x11-utils xorg-x11-fonts-cyrillic xorg-x11-fonts-Type1 xorg-x11-fonts-misc 
  1. Next, extract the TAR file:
  • To extract the scan agent, run the following commands:
cd /home/[YOUR_USER]
tar -xvf Invicti_Enterprise_Scanner_Agent.tar --one-top-level

Open appsettings.json file via any text editor you prefer in order to enter the necessary information, such as ApiToken:

cd /home/[YOUR_USER]/Invicti_Enterprise_Scanner_Agent
nano appsettings.json

These settings will be used by the agent:

  • AgentName: This can be anything you want. This text will be displayed when you are starting a new scan. (If you are going to install more than one instance of the agent, you must set a unique agentName value for each instance, something you will use later.)
  • AgentType: This can be Standard or Cloud. If you want to use Cloud Provider for scanning, AgentType must be Cloud.
  • ApiToken: In Invicti Enterprise, the Agent Token is displayed in the Configure New Agent window. Copy the value into the apiToken. (For further information, see How to Get an Agent Token for the Scan Agent.)
  • ApiRootUrl: This is the URL of Invicti Enterprise or the Invicti Enterprise On-Premises. (Add "www" to your ApiRootUrl)

Changing default scan data folder for the scanner agent

To change the default scan data folder, add the following attribute under AgentInfo: "ScanDataFolderPath": "FullPath"

The full path, for example, can be the following: /home/[YOUR_USER]/[Scan data folder]/

If you modify the existing agent’s appsettings.json file, you need to restart the service. If you add this line to the new agent, you can keep following the installation instruction.

To detect Out of band vulnerabilities via Invicti Hawk, please allowlist the following ports on your agent server: TCP 80 and 443, UDP 53. For further information about Invicti Hawk, see How Invicti Hawk Finds Vulnerabilities.

Setting Agent as a Linux Service

An internal scan agent should be configured as a Linux service, so that it can poll the Invicti Enterprise servers regularly and can take the scan initiation command from the server.

Additionally, you can update the scan agent or enable it to auto-update itself. For further information about the agent update, see Auto-Update Support for Scanner Agents.

You can complete this process in three steps:

Add a Unit File for an Invicti Scan Agent

  1. Open a terminal window.
  2. cd /etc/systemd/system
  3. sudo touch [YOUR_AGENT_NAME].service
  4. sudo nano [YOUR_AGENT_NAME].service

The AgentName in the appsetting.json file and the unit file name for the agent must have the same name. This is required to start the scan agent as a Linux service and to update the scan agent when a new version is released.

  1. Add the following script into [YOUR_AGENT_NAME].service

For internal agents older than, use the following script:

Description=netsparker.service description
ExecStart=/usr/bin/dotnet [YOUR_AGENT_DIRECTORY_PATH]/Netsparker.Cloud.Agent.dll
ExecStop=/usr/bin/pkill -f "[YOUR_AGENT_DIRECTORY_PATH]/Nhs/NetsparkerHelperService.exe"

For internal agents version or newer, use the following script:

Description=netsparker.service description
ExecStart = [Your Agent Directory path]/Netsparker.Cloud.Agent
ExecStop=/usr/bin/pkill -f "[YOUR_AGENT_DIRECTORY_PATH]/Nhs/NetsparkerHelperService.exe"

Save and close the document.

Configure Sudoers for an Invicti Agent

  1. sudo cd /etc/sudoers.d
  2. sudo touch [YOUR_AGENT_NAME]-systemctl
  3. sudo visudo -f [YOUR_AGENT_NAME]-systemctl
  4. Add the following script into [YOUR_AGENT_NAME]-systemctl
  • [YOUR_USER] ALL=(ALL:ALL) NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/systemctl start [YOUR_AGENT_NAME].service
  • [YOUR_USER] ALL=(ALL:ALL) NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/systemctl stop [YOUR_AGENT_NAME].service

Save and close the document.

Start Invicti Enterprise Agent as a Linux Service

  1. sudo systemctl daemon-reload
  2. sudo systemctl start [YOUR_AGENT_NAME].service

You can now check the status of the connection between Invicti Enterprise and the scan agent. From the Agents menu, click Manage Agents. The Agents window is displayed.

Any changes in the appsetting.json file, such as setting proxy and changing API Token, require restarting the service so that the changes can take effect.

You can set a proxy for the scanning agent in Invicti Enterprise. For further information about the proxy, see Setting Proxy in Scanner Agents. Using Proxy Auto-Configuration? For further information, see Using Proxy Auto-Configuration file.

Defining and Scanning an Internal Website in Invicti Enterprise

Now, you have installed a scanning agent into your infrastructure, you should configure Invicti Enterprise to let it know which websites should be scanned with an internal agent rather than with the built-in agents.

How to Define an Internal Website in Invicti Enterprise
  1. Log in to Invicti Enterprise.
  2. From the main menu, select Websites > New Website.
  3. Enter your internal website details (see Adding a Website in Invicti Enterprise).
  4. From the Agent mode field, select Internal.
  5. Select Save.
How to Scan an Internal Website with Agent
  1. Log in to Invicti Enterprise.
  2. From the main menu, select Scans > New Scan.
  3. From the Target URL field, select your Internal Website (if the field is not already populated).
  4. The Preferred Agent field is already selected by default. Your newly installed scanning Agent is displayed as an option. If you installed more than one instance, select the one which can access your Internal Website. If any of them can access your Internal Website, select the default option Any of the available agents. By selecting this, one of the idle agents will scan your website.
  5. Select Launch. (For simplicity, optimization and other settings are ignored in this procedure.)

Your scan has been started in the Queued state. Shortly, you will see that its status changes to Scanning. Once it is completed, you will be able to explore the vulnerabilities found on your website.

Installing Multiple Agents on the Same Operating System

You can install more than one scan agent in Linux.

How to Install Multiple Agents on the Same Operating System
  1. Open a terminal window.
  2. Create a new folder for the new agent.
  3. Copy the TAR file into the new folder, and extract the TAR file
  4. Follow the instructions in Installing the Agent and Setting Agent as a Linux Service.

Make sure that you enter a different name for the new agent.

For further information about managing agents, see Managing Groups.

How to Get an Agent Token for the Scan Agent

  1. Log in to Invicti Enterprise.
  2. From the main menu, select Agents > Manage Agents Configure New Agent.
Agent Token
  1. In the Agent Token field, select Copy to clipboard ().

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