Cross-site Scripting via File Upload
Invicti detected Cross-site Scripting via File Upload, which makes it possible to conduct cross-site scripting attacks by uploading a file that contains cross-site scripting payload.
Cross-site scripting targets the users of the application instead of the server. Although this is limitation, since it allows attackers to hijack other users' sessions, an attacker might attack an administrator to gain full control over the application.
Cross-site scripting via file upload, leverages user supplied image files, not being validated or sanitized by the server before being reflected on the page. These files may contain <script> tags or other HTML code and if they are reflected on the page without output filtering, or served without a proper content-type, they may enable cross-site scripting attacks.
Example content for Gif and Svg files for this kind of attacks are shared below:
- Gif file content:
- Svg file content:
- <svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" onload="alert(document.domain)"/>
- Hijacking user's active session.
- Changing the look of the page within the victim's browser.
- Mounting a successful phishing attack.
- Intercepting data and performing man-in-the-middle attacks.
Additionally, you should implement a strong Content Security Policy (CSP) as a defence-in-depth measure if an XSS vulnerability is mistakenly introduced. Due to the complexity of XSS-Prevention and the lack of secure standard behavior in programming languages and frameworks, XSS vulnerabilities are still common in web applications.
CSP will act as a safeguard that can prevent an attacker from successfully exploiting Cross Site Scripting vulnerabilities in your website and is advised in any kind of application. Please make sure to scan your application again with Content Security Policy checks enabled after implementing CSP, in order to avoid common mistakes that can impact the effectiveness of your policy. There are a few pitfalls that can render your CSP policy useless and we highly recommend reading the resources linked in the reference section before you start to implement one.